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Category: Fats

The Citrate Shuttle

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This is a rather brief post explaining one part of multiple physiological pathways, most notably as part of fatty acid synthesis. The citrate shuttle can be narrowed down to 3 steps to allow the transport of ACoA (Acetyl Co-enzyme A) out of the mitochondrial matrix and into the cell cytoplasm, when necessary. The steps below […]

Ketones: Back-Up Brain Food

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Unlike most other tissues in the body, the brain almost exclusively relies on glucose as a fuel source. During times of low blood-glucose, or during mild aerobic activity, the body will provide ACoA (Acetyl Co-enzyme A) by means of oxidising stored fatty acids in adipose tissue via β-Oxidation (read about it here). Unfortunately, the brain cannot carry […]

The Government and The Farmers

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Why does the government advise a healthy diet? This government intervention aims to give everyone a basic education on how to live healthily, not only for the benefit of our own personal quality of life because a healthy person is usually a happy person but also, which is more likely an influence for our parliament, […]

4) Cut Down on Saturated Fats and Sugar

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4) Cut down on saturated fats and sugar We’re talking about the cakes, the coke, the muffins and the cholesterol. In Active Fat: Causing Heart Disease I spoke about how high levels of Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL) increase cholesterol build up inside the walls of our arteries. This is known as atherosclerosis and leads to a large inconvenient […]

3) Eat More Fish

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3) Eat more fish. Aim for 2 portions a week, according to the guidelines. It is no surprise that some of the healthiest regions in the world, with the longest living people, tend to have diets very rich in fish. Think of Venice or Costa Rica, both places have impeccably healthy people who’s diets mostly […]

Fatty Acid Synthesis

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Although we know that lipids stored within the body are mostly done so as Triglycerides (TAG’S), to form TAG’s we must first have fatty acids and glycerol. In this post we will be looking at how excess Acetyl Co-enzyme A (ACoA) is converted into fatty acids in order to be stored in the body as […]

Beta Oxidation: Using Fat For Fuel

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No. This is not a post of diet advice telling you about pills and fads and ‘secret tricks’ to lose weight. If that’s what your looking for then I would recommend reading my other posts even more! We are instead looking at the metabolic pathway that leads to the use of stored fats (lipids) as […]

8 Basic Guidelines For Great Health

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The UK. Britain. Good ol’ Blighty. This small collection of countries has been a global power since before your mum was born, and one of our greatest attributes is the food. Through invasion from the Vikings, the Romans, the Normans, and – in more recent years – immigration from the Jewish, the Italians, the Vietnamese, […]

Active Fat: Causing Type 2 Diabetes

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In the final installment in the Active Fat series, we are going to finally look at how excess fat can cause type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is on the rise and is often, and in my opinion very accurately, associated with the also-rising obesity rates in the UK. Although we commonly think of america […]

Basic Biology 101: Lipid Structure

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Fat. Some of us less of it, some of us have more, but either way or edge way we all need it. It plays many roles in the proper functioning of any healthy mammal, so I think it is definitely worth knowing a little bit more about it. I have put this article under Basic […]