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Category: Macronutrients

The Citrate Shuttle

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This is a rather brief post explaining one part of multiple physiological pathways, most notably as part of fatty acid synthesis. The citrate shuttle can be narrowed down to 3 steps to allow the transport of ACoA (Acetyl Co-enzyme A) out of the mitochondrial matrix and into the cell cytoplasm, when necessary. The steps below […]

Fiber: Insoluble, Soluble and Pre-Biotics

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Through various different scrolls and searches on different sites, the universal consistency on fiber (or fibre) is that it is a plant based dietary material which is resistant to the action of dietary enzymes. In this post we will be looking at different classifications of fiber, including that of different starches which are not so easily digested […]

What’s a Calorie? How Is It Used?..

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What is a calorie? A question that baffles so many! Though we are constantly bombarded with ‘low-calorie’ messages from all sorts of media, it is getting progressively harder for us – the public – to explain what a calorie actually is. If you can tolerate my terrible filming, there is a video of my mug […]

Ketones: Back-Up Brain Food

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Unlike most other tissues in the body, the brain almost exclusively relies on glucose as a fuel source. During times of low blood-glucose, or during mild aerobic activity, the body will provide ACoA (Acetyl Co-enzyme A) by means of oxidising stored fatty acids in adipose tissue via β-Oxidation (read about it here). Unfortunately, the brain cannot carry […]

The Government and The Farmers

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Why does the government advise a healthy diet? This government intervention aims to give everyone a basic education on how to live healthily, not only for the benefit of our own personal quality of life because a healthy person is usually a happy person but also, which is more likely an influence for our parliament, […]

8) Don’t Skip Breakfast

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8) Don’t skip breakfast Our final government guideline and one I think is good to keep till last. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day. Overnight your body has been in a fasting state, it has had no food for around 10 hours and is craving some good nutrition. You are more susceptible […]

4) Cut Down on Saturated Fats and Sugar

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4) Cut down on saturated fats and sugar We’re talking about the cakes, the coke, the muffins and the cholesterol. In Active Fat: Causing Heart Disease I spoke about how high levels of Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL) increase cholesterol build up inside the walls of our arteries. This is known as atherosclerosis and leads to a large inconvenient […]

3) Eat More Fish

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3) Eat more fish. Aim for 2 portions a week, according to the guidelines. It is no surprise that some of the healthiest regions in the world, with the longest living people, tend to have diets very rich in fish. Think of Venice or Costa Rica, both places have impeccably healthy people who’s diets mostly […]

2) Eat Lots of Fruit and Veg

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2) Eat lots of fruit and veg. Easier said than done, right? Wrong. I will admit that once upon a time, not so long ago, I did not eat anywhere near enough fruit and veg. There was one sentence in one book that completely turned my approach around, and it was as follows: ‘Food is […]

1) Base Your Meals on Starchy Carbohydrates

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1) Base your meals on starchy carbohydrates. Starchy carbohydrates should take up 1/3 of your plate at each meal time. Note: There is a difference between a ‘carbohydrate’ and a ‘starchy carbohydrate’. Sugar is a carbohydrate; carrots and kale contain carbohydrate; soda and cake contain carbohydrate; but, there are multiple reasons why we should be […]